Skunk (definition): Strong Weed. Ridiculously strong. Usually
grown outdoors. It is a guaranteed f**king-up. This is the kind
of weed that leaves you sitting there giggling for twenty minutes,
your legs numb, your mind completely bricked, and your hands so twitchy you
keep spilling the bongwater all over the floor.
Another definition – only slightly different – is found on this link.


future to pot, Government’s bought,
of jobs, excitement has caught.
plan to proceed, now guaranteed:
tonnes to process has been agreed.

Innovation, Tourism, Culture,
Cannabis Growth, supply to ensure: 
sectors to gain in effort to seed,
and bakers and tokers of weed.

is bright when viewed from a High, 
Provincial problems no more stultify.
and debt disappear in a haze – 
Hallucinations!          With eyeballs ablaze. 

effect on society, pot to bestow? –
schizophrenia, blood pressure low: 
effects,” with addiction and crime, 
and medic costs certain to climb.

benefits tooted are moot, 
on taxes and jobs union suit.
in rush, a bonanza foreseen; 
to condemn this skunk cash machine.

15, 2017


Bill left public life shortly after the signing of the Atlantic Accord and became a member of the Court of Appeal until his retirement in 2003. During his time on the court he was involved in a number of successful appeals which overturned wrongful convictions, for which he was recognized by Innocence Canada. Bill had a special place in his heart for the underdog.

Churchill Falls Explainer (Coles Notes version)

If CFLCo is required to maximize its profit, then CFLCo should sell its electricity to the highest bidder(s) on the most advantageous terms available.


This is the most important set of negotiations we have engaged in since the Atlantic Accord and Hibernia. Despite being a small jurisdiction we proved to be smart and nimble enough to negotiate good deals on both. They have stood the test of time and have resulted in billions of dollars in royalties and created an industry which represents over a quarter of our economy. Will we prove to be smart and nimble enough to do the same with the Upper Churchill?


  1. I wanted to respond in rhyming couplets but only gave myself a headache! Congratulations to the bard.

    Revenue from weed sales is no more or less skunky than alcohol sales. In fact a good case can be made that alcohol causes much more damage to the social fabric and has little medicinal value. For example would you rather soldiers suffering with PTSD medicate with alcohol or weed?

    The good news is that at $10 a gram the black market is not going away anytime soon

    • So it's ok that someone suffering PTSD furthur deteriorate his/her mental health with something that is known to cause Paranoia or even a Schizophrenic episode, Cancer and many, many other healh issues as well higher rates of criminal activity because we have already leagalized alcohol.

    • You ignore first hand accounts from veterans that they get symptomatic relief from pot. It saves lives. It has also been effective in abating severe epileptic conditions when all other drugs failed.

      The "A puff, A party, a tragedy" view is propaganda that went out of vogue in the 1930's.

  2. A good piece, and reflects the mind set of job creation from our government.
    And Bruno's comment may reflect his mindset, when he flies off the handle, me thinks, needing more or less weed?

    Now to minisplit fanatics, and the Bard's previous poem.

    Our first winter storm here, and according to the scallywags, all minisplits should have shut down in the storm, unable to handle the adverse weather. You would hardly make this shit up, but was so stated in the ICF report with Nfld Powers filing last year to the PUB, and so could credit ZERO demand reduction to the grid………a brilliant, evil statement to discourage such equipment that saves homeowners about 1000.00 a year on heat energy. Tom Johnson wondered if ICF had been told to make that statement, as it flies in the face of performance here with much milder winters than the Maritimes.
    Anyway, Snow started about 11;30 am, then drifting snow by 3;30 pm. Relative humidity had ramped up from 65 % in the morning to 100% by 5;30 pm….RH having a gradual impact on performance.
    The power use over the prior 24 hrs had increased from 440 watts t 620 watts………until , bingo…..a defrost cycle at 5;12 pm, which is designed to melt the accumulated frost and lower the power consumption again.
    So what happened? Did the unit sputter and fail as predicted by the scallywags?
    First the power drops to just 20 watts, as the gas direction changes, directing hot gas to melt the frost. Then the power gradually ramps up…….it hit 2540 watts peak for about 15 seconds, but down to 1000 watts by 5;30 pm, and down to 480 watts by 5:57.
    The one hr avg during the defrost cycle was 780 watts, an increase of o.15 kwh. So, melting the frost cost about 1.5 cents. No heat was produced for 8 minutes until the gas again reversed to the inside head. The indoor temperature drops about 0.5 C during this time.
    The 24 hr power full day power consumption was 14. 93 kwh., about $1.50 say, and has average $1.00 per day so far in this Dec month.
    Frosting consumed about 28.3 %over the 24 hrs,
    This would reduce the COP from about 3.25 to 2.34 under blizzard conditions, so an efficiency of 234 percent, compared to baseboard heaters at 100%.
    Of course this is an ATTIC mounted unit. I have monitored outdoor mounted units what achieve a COP of about 1.9 yo 2.0 under similar conditions, as they need to defrost much more often.
    Bruno defrosts his Wee Willie, in such conditions , he tells us.
    Bruno is not yet a fanatic for minisplits….more of a solar and wind guy..sometimes too much wind from Bruno, you know what I mean……but I think I can convert him? Whether he becomes a minisplit fanatic remains to be seen…….put he is very pro weed, we see.
    Winston Adams

    • As to outdoor temperatures: yesterday was about -1C, but dipped to -4 by midnight. Our Jan average is about -1C daytime and -8.6 at night.
      Last night the temperature dropped lower than -4. reaching -6C by morning.
      At -6C the unit power consumption was 650 watts after a defrost and 980 watts with frost build up (heating 1000 sq ft at 22 C)
      The unit is rated for 1575 watts, but can go higher (at reduced efficiency)
      The power use at -6C shows the unit loaded at just 41 percent to 62 percent.
      The object for sizing is should be that for -15C, the unit should not go beyond 1575 watts, for good overall results……… because when the unit is not overloaded , the efficiency stays high.
      A myth is that efficiency gets worse as the outdoor temperature drops. Indeed one would expect that if RH is ignored.
      In reality, (my monitoring shows this, so evidence based) for Nfld climate, the efficiency improves a little as it gets colder. The reason is that RH is lower when very cold, and less energy is needed for the frosting and defrost…………this reduction in energy needed exceeds the usual energy increase from cold temperature.
      So efficiency is almost flatline, with a little improvement at very cold temperatures, at least as measured to -17C.

      This data should be interesting to minisplit fanatics, not so much who dislike technobabble. And not so much for Take Charge scallyways, who want to keep energy consumption AND GRID PEAK DEMAND HIGH.

      IN context of the Nfld grid, 650 Mw for electric heat, when reduced with a COP of 2 to 3 , is a reduction of 325 MW to 433 Mw , just for domestic electric heat…….. that ain't chicken feed, a minisplit fanatic would suggest.

    • Not sure what the big deal is that your MSHP functioned properly during the snowstorm… ambient air temperature during the storm was near minus one degree C, so there was still plenty of latent heat energy available for an air-source MSHP to extract from the exterior air-mass and pump into the interior of your dwelling. Even crappy MSHPs should function reasonably well near zero degrees.

      Why not report back in late Jan/early Feb, when your region experiences the occasional minus 15 to minus 20 overnight lows from the influx of cold Arctic air ahead of those strong high pressure systems building in from Labrador? That'll surely serve to push your MSHP's HSPF to its ultimate limits.

    • The big deal is that this was a high wind , 106 km , high RH 100% snow storm, and reached -6 C early this morning, close to avg jan temp at night, and only loaded about half way.
      Such storms are usually more of an impact than low temp, if the unit is good, it will handle -15 or more with ease.
      This unit has performed to -19C , now operating 7 years. Past loads taken with a amp meter and indicated was about rated load then. But monitor is now much accurate and recording temp and RH also form the Airport.
      You are right that poor qualtity units may do ok under those conditions…..but the power companies say all will fail under adverse conditions……blizzards are more adverse than cold temperature , as I have found, unless the model is not COLD CLIMATE type.
      Cold Climate model is better than HSPF rating. Take Charge only recommends HSPF……..which may not handle cold conditions.
      Stay tuned….waiting for colder weather. But I am expecting no surprises…….unless maybe colder than -20C
      This is approaching prime heating season
      And you are not impressed with less than 1 watt per sq ft at minus 6C? Power companies still recommending 10 watts per sq ft baseboard!

    • Wind speed alone is not a factor affecting the performance of MSHPs. Indeed, since your condenser is installed inside your attic, it's not exposed to any wind at all.

      In fact, higher winds would serve to better ventilate and disburse the cooled air expelled by condensers mounted as per industry standards. This may actually improve performance to some degree.

      Of course, any marginal increase in performance may more than be offset by the presence of drafts in the dwelling, thus resulting in increased heat loss during high winds, as opposed to calm conditions.

    • For outdoor mounting wind speed has a great negative effect
      1. It can prevent full defrosting, and cause more repeat of defrosts and eventual freeze up
      2 Most mfgs recommend wind protectors and in the attic, is about 90 percent reduction in the frequency of defrost cycles, and energy saver and for longer unit life.

    • One mfg says a basic front wind guard saves about 5 percent on energy………these are very low hp fans , and wind on the face can prevent or reduce air flow through the coil. Warranty is often void without a wind guard. , though few use them ,,they take risk for the sake of about 150.00 add on.. Suggest you read the detail mfg data. Advise your experience or expertise….or name even?
      And your comment on drafts makes no sense.

    • For temp change from -6 c to -15C , suggests a 25 percent extra energy needed . So todays 650 watts may be 812 watts with a clean coil and the 980 may be be 1225 watts for defrost cycle. But I expect it to use more than than . At present it operates at part load,and better efficiency, , when colder it will approach full load , so higher energy use than just what the temperature suggests noted above, ……so expecting close to rated load then.

    • Stating that my "comment on drafts makes no sense"… makes no sense. Please, enlighten me.

      On a related note, you still have yet to explain how the "high wind" you mentioned in your 21:06 comment… could have any impact on the performance of your attic-mounted, wind-sheltered MSHP.

      Please explain, thanks.

    • Say you burnt toast and had to open a window to ventilate the kitchen from the smoke.

      Try to tell me the smoke won't ventilate faster on a windy day than on a calm day.

      Same thing with heat escaping through drafts in a house… more heat will be lost on a windy day than on a calm day.

      That one cannot make sense of that simple concept is rather puzzling.

    • High winds naturally increase heat loss whether attic mounted or outdoor mounted, due to increased air changes per hr when winds are high. Even with high winds the unit loads are very low. With low winds energy use would be even less. Performance is for high wind conditions outdoor , not in the attic. Do you suggest power use is not good ?
      I noted winds were high, as all normally mount units outdoors and cannot expect this type of good performance, compared with the unit protected from winds. Outdoor units under these conditions defrost as often as every 50 minutes, in the attic 3 times yesterday and 5 times today. Anyone comparing their performance will see a greater difference as high wind , high RH and snow impacting their coil……… this makes sense to you.
      Yearly energy use about 300.00 a year, so several benefits add to overall superior performance that is significant.

    • From your response… "High winds naturally increase heat loss whether attic mounted or outdoor mounted, due to increased air changes per hr when winds are high."…

      What you're referring to is more succinctly known as "ventilation". It's what I was alluding to in the last sentence of my 23:02 comment, and also what you declared "made no sense" in your 00:19 comment. So that seems a rather bewildering contradiction on your part.

      Note that the amount of latent heat energy in an air-mass at a given temperature/humidity is the same whether that air is dead-calm, or moving at 100 kph.

      However, the rate of heat loss from a dwelling will increase on windy days because higher winds will tend to "ventilate" a dwelling at a faster rate. This will result in any heating system, be it MSHP, electric baseboard, or what have you… having to work harder to maintain a constant interior temperature.

      Regarding the rest of your commentary, I'm really in no position to dispute your claims. I will offer that, human nature being what it is, there is a tendency to convince oneself that any large expenditures one assumes are generally worth it, whether it's actually true or not. Indeed, such hubris is one of the reason's NL is now saddled with that bloody MRF boondoggle.

    • You suggestion, as I know read it, is that higher winds help outdoor mounted units(which is wrong) but even if it did, , , it would be lost due to more ventilation and air changes in the house, so a moot point on your part.
      So, high winds impair performance both ways with outdoor mounting.
      High winds also cause higher ventilation in the house even if the unit is attic mounted, but the attic mounted unit operates more efficiently.
      I trust you agree…………but I was confused by your statement, as to how it was worded.
      If you have not monitored such units or assessed detailed energy use, agreed you cannot much comment, on results, but you comment a lot.
      But you imply also this is a huge investment that may not pay off. The unit is about 4000.00 installed with tax. The payback was 5-6 years., now operating 7 full years without failure. Compare that with MF that cannot pay for itself in 57 years!
      Further , this unit contributes to the space heating component reduction of winter peak load by at least 50 percent, so less fuel being burned at Holyrood. Space heating just for residential is 650 MW, with baseboard heaters!
      I suggest, efficient space heating to be a major component of DSM . if implemented as in NS and Ont with incentives. Why is this hubris? Seems rational and prudent, I suggest and long overdue.
      But decisions should be evidence based………so who is providing the monitoring and getting the evidence for our climate? Take Charge? Why not question Take Charge as to their lack of evidence based data ?


    • No, you're misinterpreting what I've stated.

      The initial premise of this rather tiresome discussion was that I'd queried as to the big deal that your MSHP functioned properly during a snowstorm when air temperature was about minus one degree… this is precisely what these units are designed to do.

      It was you who stated that "the big deal is that this was a high wind" snowstorm, yet you still haven't explained as to how the high wind was a factor.

      Anyway, I'm done with this discussion as it is achieving little in the way of resolving anything of relevance… many thanks.

    • I wonder if you are a Take charge Scallywag? You distort the data. The temperature stated off at about the freezing point but reached -4.8 C by midnight with blowing snow and -6C by the next morning. This is close to Jan temperatures, and far colder than 0C
      Good units properly installed can handle big wind, wet snow and cold temperature. Many units are not good units and many poorly installed, yet operate relatively good, but could be much better.
      Big wind and snow is more adverse to operation than cold temperature, assuming they are not Cold Climate models, and many are not. Do you know the difference between a cold climate model and a regular model defined by Take Charge?
      The performance stated including defrost energy was very low considering 100 RH outdoors for hours, and at 62 percent load is suggestive of handling -15 C
      On track for 300.00 for one year of heat is not important as to performance? Guess you are a very rich person, and care little for our energy situation and grid peak load.
      Your only point worth while is that these conditions are not yet showing for -15 C or colder. That is true.
      But stay tuned.
      I have heard of 3 units that had failed this past day, and maybe more (all outdoor mounted) But far from all failing….the assumption used by Nfld Power.
      And do you understand DSM(Demand Side Management) ……you do not see that as relevant to our MFS mess?
      Why do you even follow this blog? And anom too! Sounds like a scallywag.

    • Anon, or should I say scallywag…… you did not deny it…..
      You complain that the start of the storm was only zero C……and say report back at -15 C
      Who would think that we would hit -9C last night, actually -8.8 C, which is colder than the average night time Jan temp of -8.6 C
      So, did the unit overload or fail?
      At -9 the load was about 880 watts, about 56 percent capacity. By 4 am it was warmer , at -6C, yet the load had increased to about 960 watts , about 61 percent capacity. At about 7 am the temp was warmer still at -3c ,and the load now dropped to 700 watts, 44 percent capacity.
      Why did the load increase when it got warmer? Because the RH increased form 80 to 84 percent.
      So, as stated before , RH has a bigger impact hen temperature, at least likely to -20C.
      Is this helpful to you?

  3. Legalizing weed is a good way to deal with our garbage on the Ne Avalon. Take all the plastics, paper and any other combustible material and buy an incinerator to burn it in. Generate electricity from this process and use the waste heat for greenhouses to grow weed right at the Robin hood Bay dump site. We hit two blows to one of the biggest messes in our province today-litter and garbage strewn around. By burning it and NOT trucking it out to the mainland for recycling we save diesel and gasoline and maybe we can create a new industry of growing our own foods year-around instead of importing so much from California and Mexico. as a note, in Sweden they burn garbage to generate electricity but use the waste heat to heat apartment buildings instead. The project is so successful they are even importing garbage from Norway and Denmark to increase the volume. Scadanavians are always ahead of us in environmental initiatives.

  4. Perhaps we could start by using waste heat from, Labrador coastal diesel plants to grpw some food, where food there costs 3 times here.
    Yes importing so much from 4000 or more away……….what energy goes into that in transportation……….so is this part of the carbon tax plan to feed back into job creation instead of trucking and flying in food? Has Nalcor helping on this…..on second thought , sure to fail if Nalcor is involved.